The Biodiversity Education Garden was established in 2016 to mark the bicentenary of diplomatic relations between Britain and Nepal. This collaboration between Nepal’s National Botanical Garden and the UK’s Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh was supported bythe British Embassy, Kathmandu.
Nepal is spectacularly rich in plant biodiversity, with over 7000 species found in an amazing variety of habitats. Many have useful properties and are inextricably linked with livelihoods – providing food, medicine, shelter and fuel. This garden celebrates the ancient partnership between plants and people, raising awareness of its economic and cultural importance, and the urgent need to safeguard plant resources for future generations.
Plants dominate our natural landscapes. They create beautiful environments and provide essential resources for our everyday lives. Plants also perform an astonishing number of ecological functions including land stabilisation, water regulation, conversion of carbon dioxide into oxygen, and trapping the sun’s energy as food for other organisms. Without plants there would be no life on Earth.
This garden showcases Nepalese plants arranged in three ecological zones from the high, frozen alpine regions, down through the temperate Midhills to the hot, tropical Tarai. With decreasing altitude comes a rise in temperature – the most significant factor in determining what plants grow where. However, patterns of vegetation are complex and blurred, as rainfall, aspect and local climate also play a part.